Motivational interviewing (MI) is a collaborative, person-centered form of guiding to elicit and strengthen motivation for change.
Motivational interviewing (MI) refers to a counseling approach in part developed by clinical psychologists Professor William R Miller, Ph.D. and Professor Stephen Rollnick, Ph.D.
It recognizes and accepts the fact that clients who need to make changes in their lives approach counseling at different levels of readiness to change their behavior. If the counseling is mandated, they may never have thought of changing the behavior in question. Some may have thought about it but not taken steps to change it. Others, especially those voluntarily seeking counseling, may be actively trying to change their behavior and may have been doing so unsuccessfully for years.
Motivational interviewing is non-judgmental, non-confrontational and non-adversarial. The approach attempts to increase the client's awareness of the potential problems caused, consequences experienced, and risks faced as a result of the behavior in question. Alternately, therapists help clients envisage a better future, and become increasingly motivated to achieve it. Either way, the strategy seeks to help clients think differently about their behavior and ultimately to consider what might be gained through change.
Motivational interviewing is considered to be both [[Person-centered psychotherapy|client-centered]] and semi-directive. It departs from traditional [[Carl Rogers|Rogerian]] client-centered therapy through this use of direction, in which therapists attempt to influence clients to consider making changes, rather than non-directively explore themselves. Motivational interviewing is based upon [[four principles]].
The main goals of motivational interviewing are to establish rapport, elicit change talk, and establish commitment language from the client.
Adaptations of motivational interviewing include Motivational Enhancement Therapy, a time-limited four-session adaptation used in [http://www.commed.uchc.edu/match/ Project MATCH], a US-government-funded study of treatment for alcohol problems.
Motivational interviewing is supported by over 80 randomized clinical control trials across a range of target populations and behaviors, including substance abuse, health-promotion behaviors, medical adherence, and mental health issues.
Training in motivational interviewing methods is available through the Motivational Interviewing Network of Trainers (MINT).
* Miller, W.R. and Rollnick, S. ''Motivational Interviewing: Preparing People to Change''. NY: Guilford Press, 2002.
* Miller, W.R., Zweben, A., DiClemente, C.C., Rychtarik, R.G. '''Motivational Enhancement Therapy Manual''. Washington, DC:National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Project MATCH Monograph Series, Volume 2. [http://casaa.unm.edu/manuals/met.pdf]
* [http://www.motivationalinterview.org/ Motivational Interviewing official website]